Task 4 : Put each of the following words and phrases into its correct place.
13. civil suits
20. legal disputes
A jury is a selected group of laymen that hears the trial in court and decides the facts.
Task 5: Read and translate the text.
The legal profession has existed for over two thousands years. From the Greek city – states and the Roman Empire to present day. The word “lawyer” describes person who has become officially qualified to act in certain legal matters because of examinations he or she has taken and professional experience he or she has gained. Nowadays lawyers perform four major functions.
First, lawyers counsel. This means that lawyers offer advice to their clients. Second, lawyers negotiate. They mediate between competing aiming for results that will prove advantageous to their clients.
Third, lawyers draft documents. It is the most intellectually challenging function.
Fourth, they litigate. But only a small fraction of all lawyers devote much time to courtroom activities. Lawyers play a vital and active role in the formulation and administration of laws. Because of their role in society and their close involvement in the administration of law, lawyers are subject to special standards, regulation, and liability. Judicial ethics consist of the standards and norms that bear on judges and covers such matters as how to maintain independence, impartiality, and avoid impropriety.
For example, in the USA Disciplinary a state judicial commission typically controls actions for infractions of the rules of conduct by state judges. Their responsibility is to deal with complaints of judicial misconduct. If a complaint directed to the judicial commission passes the screening and deposition phases, it is investigated and a trial-like hearing is instituted. Judicial committees typically have the power to sanction a judge and to require a judge to retire or resign.
The rate at which the legal profession grows is terrific. Why is the career in law so popular? In the USA the average salary of experienced lawyer in private practice is more than $ 100,000.
Lawyer’s salaries are substantially greater than those of many other professions.
Профессия юриста существует больше двух тысяч лет. Из греческого города – государства и Римская империя до настоящего момента. Слово “адвокат” описывает человека, который стал официально компетентным, чтобы действовать в определенных правовых вопросах и экспертиз, которые пуличили профессиональный опыт.В наше время адвокаты выполняют четыре главных функции.