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: « . 3. : THE COURT SYSTEM OF ENGLAND»



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coroner\'s court- ( , ,

juvenile court -

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The court system of England and Wales

The most common type of law court in England and Wales is the magistrates\' court. There are 700 magistrates\' courts and about 30 000 magistrates.

More serious criminal cases then go to the Crown Court, which has 90 branches in different towns and cities. Civil cases (for example, divorce or bankruptcy cases) are dealt with in Country courts.

Appeals are heard by higher courts. For example, appeals from magistrates\' courts are heard in the Crown Court, unless they are appeals on points of law. The highest court of appeal in England and Wales is the House of Lords (Scotland has its own High Court in Edinburgh, which hears all appeals from Scottish courts). Certain cases may be referred to the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. In addition, individuals have made the British Government change its practices in a number of areas as a result of petitions to the European Court of Human Rights.

The legal system also includes juvenile courts (which deal with offenders under seventeen) and coroners\' courts (which investigate violent, sudden or unnatural deaths). There are administrative tribunals. They make quick, cheap and fair

decisions which much less formality. Tribunals deal with professional standards, disputes between individuals, and disputes between individuals and government departments (for example, overtaxation).

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1. How are English courts divided?

2. What is the most common type of law court in England?

3. Name three other types of British courts?

4. What are the main functions of juvenile courts?

5. How do tribunals function?

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