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EE O AO OEO E -

EEE 3

AA I. ea eea oe ao e

1.1. Oa aaea e o e 5

1.2. Ooeo oeo ao e 10

o o ae I 13

AA II. Aa ooo oaoa e oeo e

2.1. Oa oee oeoo oa 15

2.1.1. 16

2.1.2. ea 17

2.1.3. aoo 19

2.2. oooaoae a oo oaoa e oeo e 24

2.2.1. Aa 24

2.2.2. oe 25

2.2.3. oooee 26

2.2.4. Aea 27

2.3. eo-eae oo oaoa e oeo e 29

2.4. eoee eoea o ee ee e oeo e 8 ae 30

o o ae II 33

AEE 35

O OOAO EA 37

OE 40



()

ooo eeeae oeeee ee. a ea, o oe e, oe oe, aee, oe oa. a oo oo e oeeo ao e e aa, oea eoo, a ae aooae e oeeo ao a (e, ae, ee aooa, a ..). oee eoo, ooe o aa o oo oo XX ea e ooo eee eae oa ae. o eae oo oaoae oo e oeo ee oaoo aa.

ae , a .A. oo, .. Ao, . Aa, ..

, .. ae, a ae aee B.K. Dumas, C. Eble, J. Lighter, E. Mattielo, E. Partridge, P. Kegan oe e a o ee.

Aao e eoa oeee eooo e eao, o oo oo oe oe o o o ae oeeo ao e.

aa oa oo ao oo o, o e oeeea o e oe ao e aa, oa ooeo ao oeo e eae eoee eoea o ee aeaa a oe aoo a.

Oeo eoa e ee o ao oeo e.

eeo eoa e ooeo oo oaoa e oeo e.

e eoa aae aae ooo oaoa e oeo ao e.

oe e oeee ee aa eoa:

oo ee eoa o ao oee;

oa aa oeoo aa e ooee eo oe eo e oae oeeoo aoo a;

oaee aa ea ooae e eoo:

aa ea o aaaeo oee;

oae aeo-ooae aa ooo oaoa e oeo e.

aea ao ao aae o, o ee aea o ooa a oa aoo a ee oe.

aoa oo ee, a, ae, a ooao ea oe.

o ee oooaa aao eoa, oeee e, oe, ee, ooa aa, eo eoa, oaa oa, aea ao ao.

eo ae ea eea oe ao e aoe ooeo oeo ao e oa aaea e o e aoo a.

o oo ae Aa ooo oaoa e o-eo e aoe ooeo oaoa e oeo ao e oa ee oee, a ae a eoee eoea o ooa eoo aeaa a oa aoo a ee oe.

ae oee oe o oo ao, oe ooe o.

o ooao ea ae 26 aeoa.

oe oe ooae aea, eoo oo eae eao oo ao.



()

AA II. AA OOO OAOA E OEO E

2.1. Oa oee oeoo oa

oao aa, eeo ae I, aa oea ea e a , ea aoo . oo oo, ao e ao oeo e e ee ooe eaee :

1. eoe, e ooee oeo. eoe, oa eoee e-o e oeo.

2. aoa oeo; ea aoe oeo.

3. oae a oea.

4. aae oa oo, oa, ao; oee .

5. ee [aeo, 2001].

ea a o oe ooaea ae eoee, a a oa oaae aeoa oe eao o oae, a ae ooaee. oa, ooe o oo e, oaea aeoa e eoea oe e oea. e a oaae aa eae oea ee o. eea a ae e oee aeoa, eaa oo aae oeo o. o e o aae o, ee eo e ee.

ae o oe, o oe a o oaae e :

a) ea;

) ooao-oeoa;

) aeoa eaa;

) oaa.

Oeoa oeo e eae eoaae. oaa oeoo oa ooea e, o ae eooeo e oe eoo, ooeo oa eeoa, oae o a ao oa oa eoo ee a e ao.

2.1.1.

a o oeeo aee, o aoo a oo ae e oa, e, aa, aa, oee oa.

o oeo e aoee aoae e, ae oa a oea, oa oa, oaa aa. ae:

- Feature Connector - ae oe oe a;

- Bit depth (ae color depth) - a ea. o , oe eae aoo e oae, oeeeoe eo oo aaoo;

- Chipset (ao oe) - ooo oa o, aee a eo ae;

- Driver (ae) - oa ooe, oo ooe aoeoa oa oea, a a eea aa (NIC), aaa, e oo;

- Router (aao) - oo, oeeaee e eoao ae e;

- Ripper - aeoae oa e ee aoa a CD-ROM oao eea o eea eoaoo oea.

e oeo e a ooo oa eooe oaoe a oo oo o aoe ooo oo. o e - oe oa oooea - oo. oo oe eee oa e ooo. o a o o oee a aao ea e ooo oo oooo ooea, - ooa aoo oa oae aea. oo e ee e aea oeoo oo o:

JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group) - eo a eo oae, ooa a ooeeo oaoe oa a ee (ae, 8 8) oae Y-U-V oeo oae oo oa.

PCB (Printed Circuit Board) - eaa ea (aa), a oo aee o eae ooo, oe aoee a e oe.

RAM (Random Access Memory) - oeaoe aoaee oo ( oo oo).

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display, oae e, ) - e a aa e ooo , oo o oaeoo aeaa, aeo eo eoa, eooo a oe.

oee e e ooaoo ae, aae ooeao. o oe oe o oaa oee ooee oe oaa ooe ae.

2.1.2. ea

e ea oe, a oao, o ooa oo eaa ooeoe e oae eeo. eaoo aaeo oe eo oa oa eoo oee o oao a. o aeeo oe .

eaa oea ea eae o e eae a oeoo oa. E o ooaa:

1. oe, ee ooee oeo:

- a programmer, computer programmer, developer, coder, or software engineer is a person who writes computer software;

- a system administrator, or sysadmin, is a person who is responsible for the upkeep, configuration, and reliable operation of computer systems, especially multi-user computers, such as servers.

2. eoeeo aoa oeo:

- to mail;

- to recopy;

- to delete;

- to click;

- to browse;

- to type, ect.

3. oae a oea:

- keyboard - an input device, partially modeled after the typewriter keyboard, which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys, to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches;

- monitor - an electronic visual display for computers;

- mouse - a pointing device that functions by detecting two-dimensional motion relative to its supporting surface;

- printer - a peripheral which produces a text or graphics of documents stored in electronic form, usually on physical print media such as paper or transparencies.

4. o, ae eo e ee:

- to download;

- browser - a program that lets you look at the Internet;

- social media network - a website that connects people; allows you to share information such as photos, links, and updates;

- traffic - the amount of users that visit a website;

- wireless - describes technology that does not need to be plugged in; often refers to wireless Internet access (WiFi).

a oao, eaa oea ea oee o oae oa ooao eae, eo e oaee, ooe oo e e oeoao oao-eo aeeo. Oa oa o ooaee oea e ee.

2.1.3. aoo

aooa oea ea oo eaea eo, aoa, aa oeoaa. Oa ae e a eaee .

ea a eae oo aee e, oo o:

a) oee oe oa, aaee ea-aa oe: system jock, sys-frog, softy.

) oa, e ee aaoo eoo ae oee ea oo , a oea: netter, tourist.

) oeoe ao a flamer, pain in the net, script kiddie, read-only user, weasel, twink (oee ea aa ooe a \"eoeeo\"). ooo oa aoo, aaa oe aea aoe oeo: guru, wizard, superprogrammer. oe o e aa eee ao-o oeaoo e UNIX weenie, oe muddie, Quake. Oeo ooeo aoo aoa e ae e oe ooae , eeo ee oeo: computer geek, gweep ..

aeoa e eoea oo ao a beam (a, oa o eoo oe), oe e oea oo ao a grovel (o oae, o e aeeo, o e e aooooo). eooe aoe e o e oe ooe eo e, ae eo o oa oo e o. ae, crack (v.) - cracker (n.), geek out (v.) - geek (n.). a oao, e a eae , oeee eae oo aeo oo oaoaeo aae, a e oo a ee a oe oae eo aoo e. ao e ee ae oo oo. a, ee thinko, braino, typo, mouso, scanno, oaoae o eo oe ooae eooo a - o, ooaa, ooeeo, o eoea, oa eo , ea, , aea. a e eo oo ao aa eaoo ooae oea, ae a chomper, loser [, 2001].

e ae o e aaee ooae eoo. Oao e ooa aoe-o oo ooe e e, o oo ae, o oo oae eoaa aooe oo oae ae ooe ooa e e oe. Oee oeae aeo aaaoo oeee, eo oao oeeo: steam-powered iron (aeee, o aeoe oo). oo oeo aoo, ao e oee ee e, ea oeo , oaae eee oee aoa a o o aa: toaster \"eeoe oo\", tree-killer.

eaa eeo oaae aa a oeao e, oe oeao e a oeo e ooa ao a Windoze, weenix, oae oa o o e. ea oe ee oee oa a, a a e ae oee oe aoa e ae oe ee a. Oee aoe aa o oe : Dungeon-and - Dragons-like, e - like eae oo e ooa eea oooaoae eeo - ooo ooa oaoa oe aoo. a eeee oea o ee eeo eae ao ae aoe aa oea, oo, a eo, ae e a aaaoe, a oaoe oeeee. ao aoo a a oe (confuser) eaa oee e (fuzzbal), oa (beige toaster) aa ooae oo eoo oeoaoo o. ao, oo ea eee e o oe, oa oa ooee e e aae e oo aee [Blackie\'s Dictionary of Computer Science, 2013].

eooe ae e e oe ae ooe e, ooa o ao-o aeeo o aaeoo oea o oa. a oao, e toaster-box, bitty box \"ae, ae oe\", home-box \"oa oe\" oo ooe ao o ea computer, PC. ae ao, oae o a aa, oa, a oee aoe e machine, box - eoa. eeoe aee oe oo oaae o aee ea computer.

ee oo, o ee - ooeo ooe ee, o aa a ae e eao oa e, aoe eoo, ooee oe \"ooe oaaee ooo \"oaaeoo\" [oo, 2001]. e ae o e oo o, o ee aeoa ea, e e ooae eoo. ae, ICQ (I seek you), cobweb site \"ae, eooe a\", whack-a-mole windows, spam \"ae ao ea eee\". o aeaoo ea ooe ao, aaoo ea eeo , o oa , aoo eoo.

oo aoe e eae ao e ee ooo o, oee eae ee \"oee ee\" [aeo, 2001]. oeaea ooa aoo o aa oeo eaooaoo oa aoae o. oe ee e a aae aeo ea oo aee e, ooo ee:

a) o e (dark-side hacker - e o, samurai - ea o);

) oa oa (sniffers, exploits, attacks, icebreakers), oe e oaa oo eaae ooe ooe ee oa e;

) oo oe eaooaoo oa (social engineering, team attack) o e (crashing a kernel, smashing a stack, getting root);

) oee (Trojan horse, worm) [ao, 1999].

ee o e a oeo ooa, ooa ae o ooeo (samurai) o eao (dark-side hacker) eeo (script kiddie).

ao oeo aoe ee ae a o, oo oo oo oaa \"oa\" [oo,1997]. ee o aeoa , oaa o aeo (suit, droid \"o\", mangler, veeblefester \"aee\", lion food \"eoa ae IBM\"), eooe ooeo oe (lobotomy \"oa oe o aee oa\", SNAFU principle \"eoae e aaoa aao\" .).

ee oe, o aeoae oe, eee eo ao e a aoo, eaaeo eo oeoaoo aoa. ooe, oee aaa eaeo oaa aoa oe eoo oaae a e ae ae eo oae eea o: aee ea oo e ae oa: beta \"oea oo-o, eo-o\", epsilon \"oe ae\". eaa oeoo aoa aoo a o a a oeoa o [Michael McCarthy, 2003].

ao e aae oe aooea eo e a oeoa o aoa, a ae o eo. oe ao o oe ee eea ooeo a e oo o o o e: down \"eaoa\", crash (v.)\"o\" (o eaa oa).

Ooa a o oeoo aoa eaea aoa. o ae o ooe o oo oaoa oooaee oa.

AFAIK - as far as I know (aoo e eo).

BTV - by the way (a).

FYI - for your information ( ae ee).

IMHO - in my humble opinion (o oe e).

IOW - in other words ( oa).

TTUL - talk to you later (ooo oe) [oaoa, 2001].

e a ooeo oeoo aoa. o oe oa eo oee ooo oe oo ea eea oa, oo e oo ee a ee oe, a aaa o e. ee eae ao oo oaoa oooae o, ooo oo aee oeeo a aae . ae, IOU = I owe you, 4u = for you, 2 - to, U - you e oo ae eee a oee ae eo oea 2U - (a, ee), CU - see you - (), L8R - later - (oe), OIC - Oh, I see ( oa).

oe oo oe oe oeoo aoa a ea. e e eo eaa a ae e oo aoo, o aao, ae, ooae eae eee oa \"q\" \"π\" ae oo eaa \"\".

a oao, oa oee oeoo oa oa, aee a ae eaee , a aeoa oe eao o oae, a ae ooaee; aeoa e eoea oe e oea; aa eae oea ee o; oee aeoa, eaa oo aae oeo o; o, ee eo e ee.



()

ao oo aoe aoe ae ae e a ooeo oeo ao e, oa oee oeoo oa oo oaoa e oeo e.

ea oo a oe aeea a ae ee o. o aoo a, ooa ee o e oee, a., oao-eoo , a , aoo .. oa oa a ee eo oaee a , ea aoo ee o.

oea ea aoo a ae e a ee o. o eo o oo eaa ea, ooa oae o oeoo oa. eaa ea oeee eooe, oo e , aoa oeo. aooo eo o oo eeaa ea, ooa e eee. Oa eae oo e, aa ooaee e ee, aeo . .

Oa oee oeoo oa aooaa. ee o aeoa oe eao o oae ooaee, aeoa e eoea oe e oea, aa eae oea ee o, o, ee eo e ee.

e eoa aaa aae ooo oaoa e oeo ao e. oo o eoa, oe ea ee o:

1. ee a aoo e ee oo oooaoa: aa, oe, oooee, aea.

aao oaoa oe eo ao o a aoo ooe, aaee oeaoo a. oe eee e oae oo aa eaa. oooe aoee oeeo eaoe oooaoae, oa oo oe ee aa. e e ooo oooaoa aea e ao aoaeo. Oooe oeo oe oae ao oeo o ee eea oa.

2. eaeoe oaoae oe ee e ae e eaoe eoe eeo, eo a.

e oeo e ao oaee ooeo a oa oe eoo, a ae oaoe oeoae o oa o e e oe.

3. ooe aee ee eee a oa aoo a ee e, a oeo eao, o oao e eoo eooo oo e a ao oeo e.

ee oe, o ea oeoo oa ao aae ao aoee a ea o, a o eo.



1. Ao, .. a oeeoo aoo a: e o / .. Ao/ 8-e . .: a: aa, 2006. 384 .

2. oaoa .. oe e ea : oe oe/.. oaoa// eoa o a a. oea aoa ao. - e, 2001. 63 .

3. oo .. O aea e: oa, ea (ae). aoa : , 2000. 52 .

4. ae, .. a aoo a / .. ae / .: -o a oa, 1977. 343 .

5. a .. eoo oe ao ( oae e eo). ooa. .: -o a oa, 1993. 343 . 157 .

6. aeo, .. eooe ooeo eaeo oaa e oeoo aoa/.. aeo // oea-2001. 6. .90-105.

7. ea . . O oa ooa ooa e ooaeoo eea ao e // e ooo oaeoo eaoeoo eea . A. . eea = Izvestia: Herzen University Journal of Humanities & Sciences. 114: a a. .: -o , 2009. . 217-222.

8. oo . . oe ao / . . oo // a e.-1997. 3. . 43-49.

9. ao E. . o oaoo a / E. . ao, . E. oea. oo-a-o; oa: e OA-E, 2010. 640 .

10. A. . oe ao Usertalk a eoe ee / A. . , . . eea // a (eoa o eao oo): . a. . - aaa: -o aaoo -a, 1999. 69 .

11. ee .. Oo aoo a [e] : e / . . ee. - 2-e ., . .: Ae, 2003. 222 .

12. , . oa aeaoo ea/. . .: , 2001. 210 .

13. oo, .A. eaaa ea e aoo a aoaoo eoa/.A. oo. .: oe, 2001. 95 .

14. ao, .. oa eaa oa a oaa o/.. ao. - ooa: o. e. -, 1999. - 130.

15. ea .. oae. oo oee oa /o e. . . eo. - 2-e . - .: oa oea oe, 1998. 47 .

16. Michael McCarthy. English Vocabulary in Use/Michael Mc Carthy. - Cambridge University Press, 2003. 316 p.

eoe e

17. eo oeoo ea e [eo e] / oea e. e oa: http://reshal.ru/oea-e/. (aa oae: 15.05.2016).

18. Affixes: the building blocks of English [eo e] / A aoo a. e oa: http://www.affixes.org/c/cyber-.html. (aa oae: 15.05.2016).

19. Blackie's Dictionary of Computer Science, 2013 [eo e] / eo oa. e oa: https://books.google.ru/books?id=P2EtDAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=ru#v=onepage&q&f=fals. (aa oae: 30.04.2016).

20. Colloquial vocabulary [eo e] / aooa ea. e oa: http://studopedia.ru/15_61345_Colloquial-vocabulary.html. (aa oae: 14.05.2016).

21. Colloquial Neutral Literary [eo e] / aooa eaa eaa ea. e oa: http://studopedia.ru/15_61344_Colloquial-Neutral-Literary.html. (aa oae: 14.05.2016).

22. Computer Abbreviations [eo e] / oee aea. e oa: http://abbreviations.yourdictionary.com/articles/email-abbreviations.html. (aa oae: 16.05.2016).

23. Lexicology of the English Language [eo e] / eoo aoo a. e oa: http://works.tarefer.ru/works/29/100009/index.html. (aa oae: 08.05.2016).

24. Metaphors Ubiquitous in Computer and Internet Terminologies [eo e] / eao oeo ee eoo. e oa: http://theartsjournal.org/index.php/site/article/viewFile/261/190. (aa oae: 05.05.2016).

25. Word Formation [eo e] / oooaoae ao e. e oa: http://study-english.info/wordbuilding.php. (aa oae: 05.05.2016).

26. ABBYY Lingvo [eo e] / Oa-oa. e oa: http://www.lingvo-online.ru/ru.



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